National Vs Public and People Interest By A. U. Uwandulu – The Making of Academy of Governance in Ibusa, Delta State, Nigeria

PROFESSOR Austin U.  UWANDULU share his lecture with us this morning in our local government forum on whatsapp. 

The follow up post is mine. A form of trying to appreciate the efforts of this nationalist, a Patriot and a statement going by his definition of statesmanship in this presentation. 

It is an honour to have worked closely with Prof Uwandulu and still relate with him. 


Your posts regarding the role of national interests in governance just caught my attention. Some time ago I was invited by some Diplomals to address them on the same subject – National Interest as it concerned Nigeria. In doing so I expanded the topic to include National Interest, Public Interest and People’s Interest.

Below is a summary of my presentation for the benefit of our members in this highly stimulating and brain charging House.

Nigeria’s Interests as a Corporate Organization

As a corporate organization, Nigeria’s interests consist of

Her national interest and public interests on the one hand and  (b) Peoples interests on another hand

National Interests

National interests are issues of concern to the Nigeria nation-state. National interest are promoted and protected by body of statesmen. A statesman is that person who has, by his conduct, acquired in the nation state, admirable wisdom influence, power and authority which he wields in a non partisan manner. Thus a Nigerian statesman is that nationally well respected person that is not encumbered by ethnic, religions, sectional or political party affiliation or partisanship. In strick sense of it, there is no established body of statesmen in Nigeria. What we have, in my opinion is a contraption of it in the Council of States.

National interests in Nigeria are addressed and satisfied when:

The purpose of Nigeria on earth is factored into how affairs of the Nigerian nation are led and managed satisfactorily;

The development of Nigerian nationhood is factored into how affairs of the Nigerian nation are led and managed satisfactorily. Nigerian nationhood as distinct from Nigerian statehood is addressed when (i) superficial national paraphernalia such as national flag, national anthem, national days, national stadium, national myths encapsulated in shared beliefs, symbolic identities (like 9ja) history and experience are created, cherished and upheld (ii) fusion elements that bind the people of and in Nigeria are allowed to foster while fission elements that create divisions are dismantled. Fission elements like quota, zoning and rotation of public offices are anti good public governance even though they may be politically expedient from time to time

The corporate philosophies of Nigeria are factored into how affairs of the Nigerian nation are led and managed satisfactorily. Nigeria’s corporate philosophies  include (a) Nigeria’s long-term aspirations or what Nigeria wants to be over a long time horizon (b) Nigeria’s visions or what Nigeria should be to facilitate the realization of her aspirations and (c) strategic values as enshrined in chapter 2 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as amended

Public Interests

Public interests are issues of concern to the Nigerian public as represented by governments in the Nigerian nation-state. Technically it is the government that is vested with the responsibility of promoting and protecting Public Interest.

Public interests as distinct from national interests are promoted and protected by governments in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. There are broadly three layers of public interests. Primary public interests are the responsibilities of Local Governments. Secondary public interests are the responsibilities of the State Governments while tertiary public interests are vested in the Federal Government as distinct from the Government of the Federation )a body not yet formally established to oversee the  intrinsic affairs of the Nigeria nation-state)A as a rule, public interests are addressed and satisfied when something of interest to the Nigerian community at large is factored into how the processes of government are led and managed. Such things of communal interest are known as common or public goods and services. Public goods and services are values which the private sector cannot deliver availably and affordably to the citizens. At various times in the life of a nation commodities like salt, water, electricity and services like road and rail transportation fall within the realm of public interest. At the level of NECESSITY in the spectrum of aggregate well-being, social services like education and its infrastructure (schools and teachers) as well as health and its infrastructures (hospitals, health workers and staff, basic drugs) are classified as public goods and services. Accordingly their provision by public institutions in the conduct of public governance constitute vital elements of good public governance

One other element in basket of ingredients of public interest is “assistance to the private sector”. It is a matter of public interest for government in the Federal Republic of Nigeria to promote and protect the private sector by rendering the assistance necessary for them to foster and strive.


Assistance to the private sector in his regard entails

Providing conducive environment for business (for profit) enterprises to operate as well as ensuring that proper governance (good and strong) are conducted in those enterprises

Providing the right strategic direction and operating environment for political activities to take place in Nigeria

Providing infettered access to the civil societies to provide intermediation goods and services to the needy in the Nigerian society.

This critical element of public interest has not received the attention.

Peoples’ Interest

People’s interest pertains to all interests that are embedded in human elements (individual persons or leaders) and human organizations in their diverse forms.

Peoples’ interest in Nigeria for the purpose of good public society governance are addressed and satisfied when their well-being is catered for satisfactorily by public institutions comprising nation-state organizations and governments in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Well-being has two components. Welfare and security.

Welfare has two components:- good life and good living. Good life has two components; (i) education which is processed when the mind is continuously stimulated and the brain is consequentially charged (ii) health which is symptomised by the state of the organs of the body and state of purity of the environment where in the body exists. Thus the basic measures of good public society governance pertain to education and health.

Good living is a phenomenon that has no standard or universal application. What constitutes good living in one clime may not apply in another clime. Basically good living which reflects the infrastructure for good life can be categorized into “comfort” and “Happiness” components. Elements that constitute “comfort” and happiness for Nigerian citizens need not be elaborated in this abridge version of my presentation.


My Write up,  Paul Okonji:

Dalu shinne diokpa (Thank you so much Elder)  Uwandulu
Some of us do understand and share in your vision.

You remain a true Nigerian in dreams, vision, objectives, projections.

We have had times together and have continue to share in your perspectives, postulations.

Your aspiration for the Nigerian state, DELTA STATE and our town Igbuzor is incurably optimistic and I am happy to have caught this virus.

In our usual early morning discuss today 7th September 2016, you mentioned one touchy disappointment with our people. This is that out of over 25,000 persons enrolled in the Institute of strategic management which you pioneered over 11 yrs ago, only 2 (females) are from Ibusa. This institution is also in Ghana.
What an irony. I think we will need to do more in terms of awareness to get our people including my self and all that are reading this to key into the proximity the Academy of Governance offers being situated in Ibusa to enroll.

Luckily The Academy of Governance which will take off next year in Ibuzor embodies 3 schools

1. School of Leadership and Strategy

2. Strategic Management

3. School of Governance
It is aimed at exposing in one stop shop like in academic to encapsulates in one go what is obtained in Kuru, civil service school and war college in its finished product.

The End product will be equipped in leadership and strategic management, corporate b , civil society, Business Enterprise and political governance.

The advert for the train the trainers one week course is out.

Who is qualified to take this course – Graduates.

In my follow up write up I will try to details the what each of the courses offers to the society.

I remain

Paul Okonji.


Governance: Calling on Retired, Retiring but not Tired Persons to participate in the on-coming Master Class Instructors course in Fundamentals of Leadership scheduled for 18th – 23rd Sept., 2016. Successful participants will be accredited to teach as Instructors for a series of Leadership courses beginning with Retreats for Secondary School Prefects. Visit our website  or call, Dr Sogbesan 08037060685, Maj. Gen (retd) Ajiborisha 08022240177, Prof Uwandulu 08033520415, James Jolaoluwa 07031008966, Donald 07038689419, Chris 08039566870